Human Rights Watch: Testimony at the Argentine Congress on decriminalization of abortion

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Testimony at the Argentine Congress on decriminalization of abortion
hHuman Rights Watch
June 12, 2018

Dear Congressmen,

Thank you for the invitation to appear before the Argentine Congress to discuss the decriminalization of abortion in the country.

The purpose of my presentation is to present a review of international human rights standards and comparative law that we hope the Argentine Congress will take into account when deciding on the decriminalization of abortion. Human Rights Watch considers the decriminalization of abortion to be a key advancement for women's human rights and a necessary step for Argentina to comply with its international obligations.

Continued: https://www.hrw.org/news/2018/06/12/testimony-argentine-congress-decriminalization-abortion

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What Happens When Abortion Is Banned?

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What Happens When Abortion Is Banned?

By Michelle Oberman
May 31, 2018

The world of illegal abortion today looks nothing like it did 45 years ago.

When I first visited Chile, in 2008, it was one of only a handful of countries in the world that banned abortion in all cases, without exception. Given that hundreds of women a year died from botched illegal abortions in the United States before Roe v. Wade, which legalized the procedure in 1973, I expected to find hospitals in Chile overflowing with dying women. Instead, I found that abortion drugs have dramatically altered the situation.

Continued: https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/31/opinion/sunday/abortion-banned-latin-america.html

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CHILE – Legal abortions in Chile since the new law was passed, and response to political pushback

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CHILE – Legal abortions in Chile since the new law was passed, and response to political pushback

May 18, 2018
by International Campaign for Women's Right to Safe Abortion

According to the Chilean Ministry of Health, between September 2017 and March 2018, there have been 111 legal abortions – 50 on grounds of risk to the woman’s life, 35 due to fatal fetal anomalies, and 26 following rape. There were also, of course, many more abortions which did not take place within the health care system. But this is a start!!

On 27-28 April, Miles Chile trained 25 health professionals from 10 hospitals and health departments, including social workers, midwives and doctors from public hospitals in the greater metropolitan area of Santiago. The training covered understanding the law and complying with the three legal grounds, up-to-date information about quality of care and abortion methods, and dealing with complications of unsafe abortions.

Continued: http://www.safeabortionwomensright.org/chile-legal-abortions-in-chile-since-the-new-law-was-passed-and-response-to-political-pushback/

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Chilean women’s lives at risk with ‘backdoor’ restrictions on new abortion law

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Chilean women's lives at risk with 'backdoor' restrictions on new abortion law

Anastasia Moloney
April 5, 2018

BOGOTA (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Women and girls in Chile, including rape victims, will find it harder to access legal abortions - after a total ban was lifted in August - as the government has started allowing clinics to deny services on moral grounds, campaigners said on Thursday.

The new law, allowing abortions when women’s lives are in danger or if a fetus is unviable or the result of rape, was welcomed by rights groups in a region with some of the world’s most restrictive abortion laws.

Continued: https://www.reuters.com/article/us-chile-abortion-women/chilean-womens-lives-at-risk-with-backdoor-restrictions-on-new-abortion-law-idUSKCN1HC2VI

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Abortion and Human Rights in El Salvador

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Abortion and Human Rights in El Salvador

José Miguel Vivanco
Executive Director, Americas Division @JMVivancoHRW
April 3, 2018

Last August, I had the opportunity to testify before the Constitutional Tribunal in Chile, my home country, in support of a landmark law that decriminalized abortion in three circumstances. In my testimony before the court, I spoke about how Chile’s total abortion ban, in effect for 28 years, undermined women’s fundamental human rights.

I later was in the packed courtroom to hear arguments from other expert witnesses. Many people have strong, deeply held views on abortion. But the main question before the court was whether Chile’s constitutional protection for the embryo or fetus could be reconciled with allowing women to terminate their pregnancies in certain circumstances—for example, when the life of the woman or girl is at risk, or when the pregnancy resulted from rape. This question is a central part of the debate in El Salvador, where the constitution recognizes the right to life from conception, and the country bans abortion in all circumstances.

Continued: https://www.hrw.org/news/2018/04/03/abortion-and-human-rights-el-salvador

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‘It’s time-critical’: the race to overturn abortion ban in El Salvador

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'It's time-critical': the race to overturn abortion ban in El Salvador
Efforts to legalise abortion for first time since 1998 hinge on pushing through changes before conservative legislators take office in May

Teresa Welsh in San Salvador
Tue 3 Apr 2018

Moves to overturn El Salvador’s ban on abortion could be thwarted unless lawmakers work quickly to push through changes before a more conservative group assumes office in May.

Abortion is banned in all circumstances in El Salvador, and women accused of undergoing the procedure can be charged with aggravated homicide and sentenced to up to 50 years in jail. However, a bill proposed last August would legalise abortion in some cases.

continued: https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2018/apr/03/lawmakers-el-salvador-race-to-overturn-abortion-ban

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Chile – Mobilisation against restrictions on the new abortion law

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Chile- Mobilisation against restrictions on the new abortion law

by International Campaign for Women's Right to Safe Abortion
Apr 3, 2018

In Chile, the feminist movement is mobilising to defend the new abortion law and ensure that access to legal abortion services becomes a reality for the women who need them. However, in March, soon after the new government took power, although they had said they would not attempt to withdraw the law, the new Minister of Health Santelices moved quickly to modify the regulations for implementing the law that had been adopted under Michelle Bachelet.

Specifically, he removed a paragraph from the regulations which had prevented health institutions that receive public funds or have agreements with the state and who provide obstetric and gynaecological care to declare conscientious objection to abortion.

Continued: http://www.safeabortionwomensright.org/chile-mobilisation-against-restrictions-on-the-new-abortion-law/

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Latin America lagging behind on women’s rights

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Latin America lagging behind on women’s rights

By Hugo Sánchez and Julia R. Arévalo
euroefe.es | translated by Freya Kirk
Feb 19, 2018

Imprisoned for having an abortion, forced to keep a child born out of rape, pushed to commit suicide: women still pay a heavy price in Latin America, where several countries’ legislation greatly restricts abortion. EURACTIV’s partner Euroefe reports.

Women’s rights in South America were the main issue during a conference before the 10th Euro-Latin American Parliamentary Assembly (EUROLAT), held last September in El Salvador. El Salvador is now ranked as the most violent country in the world, mainly due to gang activities.

Continued: https://www.euractiv.com/section/development-policy/news/latin-america-lagging-behind-on-womens-rights/

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What will Pinera’s win mean for Chile’s abortion law?

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What will Pinera's win mean for Chile's abortion law?
by Charlotte Mitchell
Jan 5, 2017

Women's rights groups in Chile are expressing concern over what the election of conservative billionaire businessman Sebastian Pinera as president will mean for a landmark abortion bill passed last year.

The bill, approved by Chile's Constitutional Court in August 2017, legalises abortion in exception circumstances.

Continued at source: http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/12/pinera-win-chile-abortion-law-171229153202068.html

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Brazil: Reject Abortion Ban

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Brazil: Reject Abortion Ban
Constitutional Amendment Would Endanger Women, Girls; Violate Rights

December 12, 2017

(São Paulo) – Brazilian lawmakers should reject a dangerous constitutional amendment that would prohibit abortion in all circumstances, Human Rights Watch said today. The proposed amendment would ban abortion even for pregnancies resulting from rape, or when the life of the woman is in danger.

The proposed abortion ban is part of a constitutional amendment being considered on December 12, 2017, by a special congressional committee of Brazil’s Chamber of Deputies. The committee approved the amendment in November, in a controversial vote, with 18 men voting yes and 1 woman voting no.

Continued at source: https://www.hrw.org/news/2017/12/12/brazil-reject-abortion-ban

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