The Discussion on Conscientious Objection

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The Discussion on Conscientious Objection

Posted on August 10, 2017 by Nomtika

All roads led to Uruguay last week, between July 31st and August 4th, as 5 SRJC members took to Montevideo for the International Convention on Conscientious Objection.

The meeting, co-hosted by Mujer y Salud en Uruguay (MYSU) and the International Women’s Health Coalition (IWHC), featured policymakers, academics, health professionals, legal experts, and feminist activists who collectively established that objecting to the provision of voluntary abortion services on religious or moral grounds, is a chief barrier to safe abortion and endangers the lives of women.

Continued at source: Sexual and Reproductive Justice Coalition: http://srjc.org.za/2017/08/10/the-discussion-on-conscientious-objection/

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Global Experts Prioritize Tackling Conscientious Objection to Abortion

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Global Experts Prioritize Tackling Conscientious Objection to Abortion
Montevideo, August 4, 2017

Fifty experts from 20 countries in Africa, the Americas and Europe, gathered at the first international convening on conscientious objection to abortion have concluded that the refusal to provide legal abortion services is hurting women all over the world and must be tackled.

The meeting, co-hosted by Mujer y Salud en Uruguay (MYSU) and the International Women’s Health Coalition (IWHC), featured policymakers, academics, health professionals, legal experts, and feminist activists who collectively established that objecting to the provision of voluntary abortion services on religious or moral grounds, is a chief barrier to safe abortion and endangers the lives of women.

Continued at source: Sexual and Reproductive Justice Coalition: http://srjc.org.za/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/Uruguay-English-Declaration.pdf

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Uruguay Solidarity Request: Please sign statement calling for release of young woman in prison for miscarriage

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Uruguay Solidarity Request

by International Campaign for Women's Right to Safe Abortion, April 7, 2017

Statement: A court has put a young woman in prison for miscarriage

by Mujer y Salud en Uruguay (MYSU), 4 April 2017
PLEASE SIGN THIS STATEMENT CALLING FOR HER RELEASE

A young woman has this week been sentenced to a term in prison for homicide in the city of Rivera in Uruguay. She gave birth in the bathroom of her house unaware that she was even pregnant. She was accused of manslaughter, which the judge, Darwin Rampoldi, used to sentence her for having “aborted” the pregnancy.

This is the second time this year that the Uruguayan justice system has been responsible for a blatant injustice, void of any gender perspective. The circumstances, as narrated in the judgment, are masterfully misogynistic.

Before she was even taken to court, however, the young woman had been judged and condemned by the health professionals who attended her in the Public Hospital. The initial diagnosis was of “abortion” followed by a series of gynaecological examinations that determined that she had given birth. She was then taken to the maternity ward, and only six hours after admission, a doctor thought to ask: “Where is the baby?”.

In the trial, there were testimonies from doctors, neighbours and relatives. In her own words, the young woman told the court that she had felt a strong pain, but had had no idea that she was pregnant. She told her partner that she thought it could be ovarian pain, but that she wasn’t going to go to the doctor because “they will laugh at me”.

This is not the first time that a woman has been criminally prosecuted in Uruguay under these circumstances. Yet no State institution has intervened to prevent and address these unfortunate situations. Instead, the Penal Code is invoked, and women are put on trial and sent to jail without justification.
We call on the Judiciary to ensure that its members receive regular training in human rights issues as well as greater awareness of the use of legal processes so as to ensure gender justice. We also call on the Judiciary to monitor the performance of judges in invoking the criminal law in such cases. We believe an analysis of such judgments would provide an account of the extent of gender bias and prejudice in judicial rulings, and expose the extent to which they reinforce gender stereotypes and biased social values – such as those which assume that a woman who has an unexpected pregnancy and gives birth in very precarious conditions must have murdered a baby.

We also denounce the attitude and intervention of those health professionals who, instead of attending to a woman who found herself in this situation, mistreated, belittled and judged her. Health professionals are neither judges nor police officers; their role is not to condemn but to ensure the highest quality of care for the patient who requires it, regardless of her socioeconomic class and educational level, let alone her “motives”.

We demand the immediate release of this young woman and the effective intervention of all the State institutions that are involved, to ensure her release.

TO SIGN THIS STATEMENT, PLEASE SEND YOUR GROUP/NAME, POSITION, CITY, COUNTRY, TO: mysu@mysu.org.uy
COMUNICADO EN ESPAÑOL: http://www.mysu.org.uy/multimedia/noticia/comunicado-ante-procesamiento-con-prision-de-mujer-en-rivera/ ;

Source: International Campaign for Women's Right to Safe Abortion:
http://www.safeabortionwomensright.org/uruguay-solidarity-request/

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Controversial Ruling Threatens Abortion Access in Uruguay and Beyond

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Controversial Ruling Threatens Abortion Access in Uruguay and Beyond

Mar 14, 2017
Lauren Rankin

In 2012, Uruguay changed its law to allow abortions up to 12 weeks of pregnancy. But a judge's ruling that a woman could not have an abortion without her ex-partner's consent sets a dangerous and possibly globally influential precedent valuing the fetus and father's wishes over those of the pregnant person.

A recent case in Uruguay has fueled a divisive public conversation about abortion in the country, where legal abortion is still very new.

On February 24, a Uruguayan local family judge ruled that a 24-year-old woman could not terminate her 10-week pregnancy after the woman’s ex-boyfriend tried to stop her from going through with the procedure.

Continued at source: Rewire: https://rewire.news/article/2017/03/14/controversial-ruling-threatens-abortion-access-uruguay-beyond/

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In Uruguay, Where Abortion Is Legal, a Judge’s Ruling Grants a Man the Right to Stop a Woman’s Decision

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In Uruguay, Where Abortion Is Legal, a Judge's Ruling Grants a Man the Right to Stop a Woman’s Decision
Posted 4 March 2017
Written by Fernanda Canofre

A girl meets a guy. They have an on-and-off relationship for six months, until they mutually agree it’s not working anymore. It might sound like a common modern-day romance, except for the fact that not long after the girl finds out she is pregnant.

There's where things got complicated.

After considering her options and talking with her former partner, she decides not to continue with the pregnancy, but when she starts the process of interrupting it — something guaranteed by law in her country, Uruguay, until the 12th week of pregnancy — she finds out there's a legal complaint against her.

Her ex-partner wanted “to protect the life of his unborn child,” and with the help of a female judge, it was decided that “constitutionally” the fetus’ rights prevailed over the woman’s rights. The legal order came in a critical moment, when the 12-week period in which abortion is legal was about to close.

Continued at source: Global Voices: https://globalvoices.org/2017/03/04/in-uruguay-where-abortion-is-legal-a-judges-ruling-grants-a-man-the-right-to-stop-a-womans-decision/

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Young woman denied a legal abortion may take legal action against judge in Uruguay

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Young woman denied a legal abortion may take legal action against judge in Uruguay
by Safe Abortion, March 3, 2017

A judge in the city of Mercedes, Soriano, has ruled against a woman having an abortion who was booked for the abortion on 23 February. The ruling came after her ex–partner tabled an amparo asking the court to delay the abortion so that he could challenge her decision. The judge agreed to hear the case and then assigned a solicitor for the fetus, who was permitted to question the woman about her reasons for seeking an abortion. The judge then refused the abortion. The case caused a wave of reaction from political organisations and women’s groups who support the 2012 reform of the abortion law.

Margarita Percovich, a former senator and driving force behind the 2012 law reform, explained to PáginaI12: “The decision of the judge was clearly unconstitutional because the ruling was not based in existing law and did not comply with existing regulations on abortion”.

The woman is 24 years old and was 10 weeks pregnant when the case was heard. The lawyer for the young woman said he felt “a profound personal and professional outrage” at the ruling of the judge, and appealed the ruling. The appeal would have to have been heard within 10 days as the law permits abortion on request only up to 12 weeks. It was thought the case might end up in the Supreme Court.

However, on 1 March El Observador reported that the woman had had a miscarriage. Her solicitor stated that she had been under a huge amount of stress because of the case and confirmed that there was firm medical evidence that the miscarriage was spontaneous.

On 2 March, El Observador reported that the woman will take legal action against the judge who denied her an abortion, in order to prevent other women having to go back to the backstreets for illegal abortions. She said: “These last weeks have been absolutely terrible; the whole world wanted to have an opinion about my body.”

In a statement published on 25 February, before the woman miscarried, Lilián Abracinskas, director of Mujer y Salud en Uruguay (MYSU), who have been supporting the woman throughout the case, said that the court did not have the right to intervene in the woman’s decision: “It is clearly stipulated in the law that no one can interfere in the decision of the woman, from any side. The court has tried to reopen a debate that ended in 2012 and made a ruling that is not in accordance with the letter of the law, nor permitted to the man involved. It is not in the power of the court to rewrite the law. When a judge seeks to use their powers to impose their own beliefs and ideology, we have a very serious problem.”

Her biggest concern was that this was an attempt to set a precedent for men who want to influence women’s decisions and use the courts to take control over women’s bodies. “It is not a coincidence that this case has arisen in Soriano, which is one of the last bastions of resistance to the 2012 abortion law. In that part of the country, 100% of gynaecologists are conscientious objectors,” she said.

SOURCES: El Observador, 2 March 2017 ;  El Observador, 1 March 2017 ;  Páginal12, by Jeremías Batagelj, 25 February 2017. VISUAL: El Observador ; SEE ALSO: Espectador, 24 February 2017 (todos en español)

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Source: International Campaign for Women's Right to Safe Abortion: http://www.safeabortionwomensright.org/young-woman-denied-a-legal-abortion-may-take-legal-action-against-judge-in-uruguay/

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Reform of abortion law in Uruguay: context, process and lessons learned

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Dec 19, 2016, by Safe Abortion

ABSTRACT

On October 22, 2012, Uruguayan President José Mujica signed into law the “Voluntary Interruption of Pregnancy” bill …which was the fruit of more than two decades of advocacy, led by feminist organizations in alliance with trade unions, student groups and other actors, including the medical sector and key political leaders.

Abortion reform in Uruguay has been the focus of several excellent studies. This article, based on a descriptive study of the context and political processes for abortion reform, aims to identify the strategies and facilitating factors that led to the legal reform and the limitations of the law, as well as to view the process through a political and feminist lens that draws attention to the limitations of the outcome from a women’s rights perspective. In our interpretation this law has not meant a full recognition of women’s autonomy, but rather a shift in the terms of state protection of women’s health, which reflects the strong influence of a public health or biomedical viewpoint.

Both the success of the legal reform and the persistence of state protection is understood through analysis of key actors’ discourses and interpretation of the social, cultural and political conditions of the Uruguayan context and of the legal reform process itself.

 Reproductive Health Matters, by Susan Wood, Lilián Abracinskas, Sonia Corrêa, Mario Pecheny, in press December 2016. DOI: 10.1016/j.rhm.2016.11.006 + VISUAL

Source: International Campaign for Women's Right to Safe Abortion

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Campaign Statement in Celebration of International Safe Abortion Day, 28 September 2016

International Campaign for Women's Right to Safe Abortion

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Sept 26, 2016

The first international day dedicated to the decriminalisation of abortion was in 1990, initiated by the feminist movement at a regional conference in Argentina. The choice of date was inspired by the abolition of slavery for children born to slave mothers in Brazil in 1871, when it was named the Day of the Free Womb. Slavery can be imposed by one set of human beings on another in a myriad of ways. In the face of the threat of slavery and other forms of coercion, the achievement of freedom, both freedom from and freedom to, is a constant and unending struggle, including for women.

Most women have children. To force women to have children they do not wish to have, however, is a form of slavery and of violence against women. There are only two ways women can avoid unwanted pregnancy. The first is not to have sex with men, thereby removing the risk of pregnancy. But, of course, not every sexual encounter is consensual. Historically, women have collectively declared a boycott of sex in a number of countries, for a range of political reasons, sometimes effectively. A boycott of sex has not yet been used to demand universal access to safe abortion, but it is always possible. It might be assumed that, given the choice, most heterosexual men would support access to safe contraception and abortion over the refusal of sex, especially in the longer term although this is an untested assumption.

The only other way women can avoid unwanted pregnancy is through universal access to safe, effective contraception and safe, legal abortion. Contraception is not enough on its own because it comes with a failure rate and it isn't always used or there to be used. That makes access to safe abortion a necessity.

World Contraception Day, first launched in 2007, is being celebrated today, 26 September. The Campaign office is supporting this day today through social media, using the hashtags #WCDChat and #WCD2016.

International Safe Abortion Day is being celebrated in the week surrounding 28 September. It is probably a coincidence that these two international days are so close to each other, but it is surely appropriate.

On 17 August this year, with the support of signatories from 73 countries who are actively involved in policymaking, health services, research, human rights and advocacy in support of safe abortion, the Campaign asked the UN Secretary-General and the heads of UN agencies (+ Español) to take a stand and make 28 September an official UN Day. We asked them to acknowledge that making abortion safe is in line with a growing number of inter-governmental agreements, starting with the International Conference on Population and Development Programme of Action in 1994, the Beijing Women’s Conference Platform for Action in 1995, the Latin American Convención de Belém do Pará in 1996, the African Maputo Protocol of 2005, and most recently the call for the decriminalisation of abortion across Africa by the African Commission for Human and Peoples’ Rights (ACHPR).

This year, for 28 September, inspired by ACHPR, we are calling for the decriminalisation of abortion across the world. We are asking that abortion is no longer treated as a crime under laws passed in the 19th century by colonial powers. Inspired by Laurence Rossignol, the French Minister for Families, Children and Women’s Rights in a speech at the UN last year, we are calling for a moratorium on prosecutions of women who have had abortions and safe abortion providers.

And we are calling for universal access to safe abortion.

We say: "Abortion is not a crime!"
If it is legitimate to use contraception to prevent unwanted pregnancy then it is legitimate to have an abortion for the same reason. Abortion must be removed from the criminal law as an essential step towards making it safe. It is in the power of all governments to do this and make safe abortion accessible and available to every woman who requests it, thereby eliminating unsafe abortion. In recent decades, every United Nations human rights body has recommended that governments take these steps. And indeed, in recent years a growing number of governments in countries where abortion is legally restricted have acknowledged the extent of unsafe abortion in their countries and the serious consequences for women and their families. Research has shown how high the costs are to their public health systems for treating complications of unsafe abortion, which would disappear if they were providing safe abortions. Research has also found that adolescents are most at risk, including those who became pregnant due to sexual abuse. This is the case in Africa, parts of Asia and in Latin America today.

We call for decriminalisation of abortion around the world
Yet as soon as a government takes steps to alleviate this situation through proposals for law reform, even minimal ones that will affect only a small number of women, or proposes guidelines for implementing their current laws less restrictively, a brigade of conservative religious and others come on the scene and seek to block change. The pressure behind the scenes is often enormous. Governments become timid, forget their national, regional and international commitments to reduce maternal mortality and morbidity, among which deaths and injury from unsafe abortion constitute either a first or second cause, and go silent. The most egregious example early this year was in Sierra Leone, where in spite of not one but two votes in favour of law change in the national parliament, the second vote being unanimously in favour, the president has for the past nine months refused to sign the Safe Abortion Act into law, creating an unresolved constitutional crisis.

Mozambique, where the abortion law was reformed between 2014 and 2015, is a notable exception – where government, legal experts, health professionals and NGOs worked together to implement change. We call on governments to follow in the footsteps of countries like Mozambique and Uruguay, where a harm reduction model was used to reform the law and make abortions safe.

In contrast, this year has seen a bill in the parliament of El Salvador to increase the number of years of prison for abortion, and last week in Poland a bill was sent to a parliamentary committee that would not only ban all abortions, even if the woman's life is at risk, but also antenatal screening and sexuality education.

The anti-abortion movement has changed a great deal over the past decades. From a movement that used to try and convince everyone that abortion was wrong, they have morphed into a group who want to convince people that a fertilised egg has more value and more right to protection than a living person. They talk about vulnerability, but they never call for nor put their considerable energy or resources into improving the lives of living children, millions of whom have very precarious lives and are very vulnerable indeed. Moreover, they completely discount women's deaths and suffering from unsafe abortion. Nonetheless, in spite of decades of trying, they have failed to convince anyone that making abortion illegal will stop abortion. They have particularly failed to convince women to stop having abortions, the very same women who would do anything to nurture and protect the children they do have. Even women who think abortion is wrong have abortions, including women in the anti-abortion movement.

Pregnancy happens in women's bodies, not in the disembodied womb they portray. They appear not to care about the deaths of women from unsafe abortions, which inevitably lead to the deaths of fertilised eggs, embryos and fetuses as well. Their language often reads like a declaration of holy war against women. Their slogans, calling for protection of the so-called "unborn", are actually a call to force women to become mothers at the whim of their own biology. Taken to the extreme, using the analogy of oak trees and acorns, they would enforce the planting of every acorn that falls from the tree, even if the thousands of trees that would result would choke and kill the mother tree. How do they seek to achieve their aims? They work for the criminalisation of women who have had abortions, that is, to make up to one in three women in the world a criminal. And they imprison women who are poor and have no recourse to private doctors or legal advice. They reserve particular hatred for those who help women to have safe abortions – murdering them or destroying clinics in the USA, for example, or putting them through years of unwarranted prosecution, as with Dr Carlos Morin in Spain.

It's time for a moratorium on prosecutions for abortion!
But things have also gone further. We are beginning to see support for the criminalisation of women who have had a miscarriage or a stillbirth, that is, any pregnancy that does not result in a living child. This is an appalling new form of blame. The imprisonment of women for these reasons in El Salvador is well known, but this is also taking place in the USA, and there was a case in England at the end of last year as well. In Northern Ireland, it is apparently well known that hospitals are reporting instances of miscarriage for investigation. Elsewhere, women are being demonised who have died after unsafe abortions. In Brazil, for example, the body of Caroline, a 29-year-old woman who died from an unsafe abortion, was dumped in the street not long ago in a city near Rio de Janeiro. Commenting on press reports of her death, anti-abortionists have said she deserved it. This reveals an incredible hatred of women, and seeks to dehumanise all of us by association.

The anti-abortion goal – of taking away any autonomy from women over our bodies and reproductive lives – will not be defeated by rational, public health, ethical, evidence-based or human rights-based argument alone, no matter how eloquent. It is, however, essential in building a critical mass of support, until governments can no longer look the other way.

Our movements, worldwide have achieved widespread support for women's right to decide the number and spacing of their children, yet countries where abortion is legally restricted are dragging their feet or even trying to take us backwards e.g. when right-wing parties have taken control of government. History has shown that change which benefits women comes excruciatingly slowly. In the end, it is about power, at the individual as well as the social level. Women will have abortions; the real issue is whether those who seek to help them or those who seek to hurt them have more power to affect their experience and whether they survive it.

We are an international movement supporting universal access to safe abortion
Movements to support access to safe, effective contraception began more than 100 years ago; they are large and growing, and in recent years, extremely well-funded. Contraceptive use has grown substantially, though more in the global north, where the rate of abortions has been falling apace. In the global south, however, the use of contraception has not yet risen to the point where the rate of abortions has begun falling, especially in the least developed countries. This is because women's status and freedom to take charge of and control many aspects of their lives, including having the right to decide the number and spacing of their children, remains far more restricted. Hence, with the global growth in population, the numbers of abortions have continued to rise; at last estimate (for 2014) they had reached 56.3 million abortions per year. This is the ultimate failure of the anti-abortion movement, but the fact that half of those abortions remain unsafe also represents a failure of the abortion rights movement to convince our governments to act.

Movements for abortion rights also began 100 years ago. Many countries reformed their laws on abortion, starting with the Soviet Union in the 1920s and later the then Soviet bloc of Eastern Europe and Central Asia. In the second half of the 20th century, most European countries, the USA and Canada, Cuba, India, some states in Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and others also began to reform their laws.

The abortion rights movement is fighting for protection of the health and rights of women, and women's right to decide what happens in their own bodies, so that whether a woman wants to be pregnant and have a child, or she feels she cannot continue a pregnancy, she can do so safely in both cases.

Many of us have been engaged in this struggle throughout our lives, as have countless others who came before us. All over the world, for 28 September, we are declaring with one voice that in law and policy and in service delivery, and as a matter of human rights and public health, women have a right to safe abortion.

What's happening this week for International Safe Abortion Day
On 23 September, we published a whole newsletter with a list of activities planned or taking place in Uganda, Zimbabwe, DR Congo, Ghana, Tanzania, Thailand, New Zealand, Nepal, North India, Egypt, Sexual Rights Initiative, Ireland, UK/London, Russia, Sweden, El Salvador, Argentina, and Brazil, and by regional/international NGOs Asia Safe Abortion Partnership, WGNRR, Ipas, IPPF Europe Region, and of course the Campaign.

We would like to call special attention to a day-long national meeting organised in the Democratic Republic of Congo, where 120 representatives from a range of government ministries, members of parliament, representatives of UN agencies, professional associations for midwives and doctors, a long list of civil society organisations and the media came together in a meeting on the problem of unwanted pregnancy and abortion in the context of the DRC as part of a 28 September commemoration. This is how change happens on the ground in our countries, through coalition- building, through working together among all the institutions and groups, governmental and non-governmental, both those who have responsibilities as state bodies and those among civil society who have a huge amount of knowledge and experience and so much to contribute.

More activities :

  • Poland: A new protest against the bill in the parliament intended to criminalise all abortions is planned for 1 October.
  • Ireland: (1) On 24 September, tens of thousands marched in Dublin. (2) Parents for Choice in Pregnancy and Childbirth has made a video with the REPEAL project about the issues that Ireland’s abortion law creates for women who are keeping their babies as well as for those trying to access abortions.
  •  India: 'Voice Your Abortion. Defeat Stigma', a platform for women from all walks of life to share their abortion stories and experiences will be hosting a Twitter chat in collaboration with Feminism In India about abortion storytelling and using it as a medium to end abortion stigma.
  • Bogotá, Colombia: La Mesa por la Vida y la Salud de las Mujeres will carry banners in the street, in honour of the peace being signed, that say, for example: “Yes to peace! No to violence! It starts with our bodies! Women must decide! Total decriminalisation of abortion!". Posters with slogans such as "Don't judge me!" will also be placed in the main stations of the public transport system.
  • Perú: CLACAI (Latin American Campaign against Unsafe Abortion) is re-launching their video “Poder Elegir” (The Right to Choose) on social media, made with well-known singers and musicians, which makes visible in a clear and sensitive way the violence that governments of the Latin American region exercise against women because of the prohibition of access to safe abortions.
  • Tanzania: the NGO Governance Links Tanzania will hold a dialogue with media groups on 28 September to reflect on "Common but different roles of social actors in abortion stigma reduction – Building a community of the willing."
  • Women Help Women, an international group linking activists, organisations and researchers around the world to increase the availability of reproductive health choices, is collecting statements from women around the globe about why they risk imprisonment to help women access the abortion pills they need to preserve their rights and autonomy.

On Wednesday, 28 September, we will publish more from these reports and from everyone else we have heard from.

Send your reports with visuals and weblinks to: info@safeabortionwomensright.org

Source: International Campaign for Women's Right to Safe Abortion

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A Harm Reduction Model for Safe Abortion in Uruguay and Argentina

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This newsletter summarises all the papers in this supplement, based on excerpts from the actual text, with permission from Anibal Faúndes. The full papers are available on an open access basis under a Creative Commons licence.

12 September 2016

Reducing Maternal Mortality by Preventing Unsafe Abortion: The Uruguayan Experience

International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics 2016;134 (Supplement 1, August)
Anibal Faúndes, Editor

IJGO Table of Contents or http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijgo.2016.06.010

EDITORIAL

What can we do as gynecologists/obstetricians to reduce unsafe abortion and its consequences? The Uruguayan response

Anibal Faúndes

As health care professionals, we are often confronted with situations in which we feel powerless to deal with the suffering, illness, and death of individuals whose care is our responsibility, particularly in public health facilities. The most common reaction is to protest against the authorities that have failed to provide the necessary resources or to implement the measures required to rectify situations that penalize almost exclusively those most economically disadvantaged. These health problems and their consequent mortality have remained the same for decades, largely because the individuals suffering from them have neither the power nor the political influence to trigger changes that could improve their situation.

Unsafe abortion—with its dramatic consequences for the poorest and most helpless women in countries with restrictive abortion laws—is one of the clearest and most persistent examples of a severe problem that impels us to protest against the authorities that have failed to resolve it.
A small group of physicians from the Pereira Rossell Hospital in Montevideo, Uruguay, decided that they could no longer wait for an external solution… Those doctors decided to implement an original preventive intervention to resolve the problem… [T]hey had no resources, no adequate physical space, and no designated personnel for the task they were proposing to undertake… [but were] inspired by the wise words of Professor Mahmoud Fathalla when he invited all gynecologists and obstetricians to cease being part of the problem and start being part of the solution [1]—achieved what seemed a miracle, namely to reduce maternal deaths from abortion (the primary cause of maternal death in Uruguay at that time) practically to zero.

[continued at link]
Source: International Campaign for Women's Right to Safe Abortion

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How Uruguay Made It Easier to Have a Safe Abortion

Signs that read in Spanish "Legal abortion" are seen in front of the Uruguayan Congress during a session in Montevideo, Uruguay, Tuesday Dec. 27, 2011. The Uruguayan Senate would approve a bill to decriminalize abortion, after an initiative vetoed by former President Tabare Vazquez in 2008. (AP Photo / Matilde Campodonico)

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After Uruguay implemented a harm reduction approach that dealt with abortion as a public health issue rather than a moral one, maternal deaths from unsafe abortions plummeted. Now countries with strict abortion laws are taking notice.

Written by Christine Chung
Published on August 10, 2016

How do you help homeless alcoholics? Few people would guess that giving them a free glass of wine every few hours is part of the answer. But this is known as the harm reduction approach, a strategy or set of policies that aims to reduce the harms associated with certain behaviors – even if they are illegal – but without necessarily ending or reducing those behaviors.

The idea of treating alcoholics by managing their supply, instead of cutting them off completely, was pioneered in Canada and is now being proposed by health experts in Sydney. Giving indigent chronic alcoholics access to shelter and other services while providing them with alcohol is anticipated not only to lead to improvements in their health (or, at least, a less rapid decline), but also to reduce public costs associated with emergency room visits, police contact, court costs and jail time. It’s the same idea behind initiatives that provide heroin addicts with clean needles to prevent the spread of HIV.

Source: NewsDeeply.com

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