What’s driving high pregnancy rates in Kenyan schools

What's driving high pregnancy rates in Kenyan schools

November 26, 2018
by Michael Mutua, The Conversation

During Kenya's national schools exams, an alarming number of girls were reported to be pregnant or in labour, and so couldn't take the exam. In just one county, 72 girls taking the exams were pregnant while 38 gave birth before the test. The Conversation Africa's Moina Spooner asked Michael Mutua to shed light on why so many girls are falling pregnant and what measures there are to support them.

What is the prevalence of pregnancy in schools in Kenya?

Cases of pregnancy among young girls is high. Teen pregnancy and motherhood rates stand at 18%. About one in every five adolescent girls (aged 15 to 19) has either had a live birth, or is pregnant with her first child. Rates increase with age: from 3% among girls at 15 years old, to 40% among girls at 19 years.

Continued: https://medicalxpress.com/news/2018-11-high-pregnancy-kenyan-schools.html

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In Developing Regions, Greater Investment Is Needed to Help Adolescents Prevent Unintended Pregnancy

In Developing Regions, Greater Investment Is Needed to Help Adolescents Prevent Unintended Pregnancy

Nov 9, 2018

20 Million Adolescent Women Have an Unmet Need for Modern Contraception

Ensuring that adolescent women are able to choose whether and when to have children is crucial to their sexual and reproductive health, yet new data published today by the Guttmacher Institute show that contraceptive services in developing regions fall short of meeting adolescents’ needs. The new data, published in a series of fact sheets, indicate that as of 2017, an estimated 36 million young women aged 15–19 in developing regions are married or sexually active and want to avoid becoming pregnant in the next two years. Yet the majority of this group—20 million adolescents—are not using a modern contraceptive method and thus have an unmet need for modern contraception. Most adolescent women with unmet need are using no contraceptive method (85%), while the remaining 15% are using traditional methods, such as withdrawal or periodic abstinence, which are less effective than modern methods.

Continued: https://www.guttmacher.org/news-release/2018/developing-regions-greater-investment-needed-help-adolescents-prevent-unintended

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Kenya – Remove barriers of adolescents’ access to contraceptives – expert

Remove barriers of adolescents' access to contraceptives - expert

Sep. 26, 2018

It is estimated that the average teen pregnancy rate in 2017 stood at 25% with Homa Bay, Lamu, Siaya and Busia reporting rates of 40% and above.

The unmet need for contraceptives amongst the 15 – 19-year-olds stands at 27%.

Continued: https://www.the-star.co.ke/news/2018/09/26/remove-barriers-of-adolescents-access-to-contraceptives-expert_c1825216

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Why More Nigerian Girls Are Getting Pregnant, Aborting It

Why More Nigerian Girls Are Getting Pregnant, Aborting It

By Ating Enwongo
On Sep 25, 2018

Due to religious and cultural sensitivities, Nigerians live in denial of just how common teenage sex is, which has led to high rate of pregnancy among girls between ages 15 and 18 years.

The families of these teenagers are stigmatized by friends and family members with insinuations that they are unable to raise their female children with proper moral and religious standards.

This stigmatization most often leads to unsafe abortion as the teens cannot absorb the heat from the society.

Continued: https://thewhistler.ng/story/why-more-nigerian-girls-are-getting-pregnant-aborting-it/

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TANZANIA – Tanzania promised that everyone should have the opportunity to get a high school diploma, except if you’re a pregnant teenage girl

TANZANIA – Tanzania promised that everyone should have the opportunity to get a high school diploma, except if you’re a pregnant teenage girl

by International Campaign for Women's Right to Safe Abortion
Sep 19, 2018

The Citizen, a daily newspaper, reported on 10 September 2018 that, on 9 September, Tanzanian President John Magufuli urged Tanzanian women to “give up contraceptive methods” because the country needs more people. “You have cattle. You are big farmers. You can feed your children. Why then resort to birth control? This is my opinion. I see no reason to control births in Tanzania… I have travelled to Europe and elsewhere and have seen the harmful effects of birth control. Some countries are now facing declining population growth. They are short of manpower.” Yet Tanzania has a population of around 60 million people, up from 10 million at independence in 1961.

Continued: http://www.safeabortionwomensright.org/tanzania-tanzania-promised-that-everyone-should-have-the-opportunity-to-get-a-high-school-diploma-except-if-youre-a-pregnant-teenage-girl/

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Women’s groups drop Guatemala abortion clause over church dissent

Women’s groups drop Guatemala abortion clause over church dissent

Published on Sept 5, 2018

Women’s rights activists were forced into a hasty retreat Tuesday in the face of fierce church-led opposition to proposed legislation to loosen strict abortion laws.

Sponsors of the bill aimed at protecting underage victims of sexual abuse opted to remove a controversial clause that would decriminalize abortion for girls aged 14 or under who have been abused.

The influential Catholic and Evangelical churches organized a massive rally on Sunday to protest against the bill and in support of “life and the family.”

Continued: https://www.journalducameroun.com/en/womens-groups-drop-guatemala-abortion-clause-over-church-dissent/

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India – 15-year-old rape survivor’s kin file abortion plea in court

15-year-old rape survivor's kin file abortion plea in court

Aug 15, 2018

CHANDIGARH: Four days after a minor boy was arrested for allegedly raping a 15-year-old girl and making her pregnant, her family on Tuesday moved a plea in Chandigarh district court seeking abortion. The court will hear the matter on Thursday.

The rape survivor is said to be more than 24-week pregnant and she can undergo abortion only after getting permission for the same from the court.

Continued: https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/chandigarh/15-year-old-rape-survivors-kin-file-abortion-plea-in-court/articleshow/65410897.cms

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PARAGUAY – It’s three years and three months…

PARAGUAY – It’s three years and three months...

by International Campaign for Women's Right to Safe Abortion
Aug 13, 2018

… since we published the photo above, taken during a protest against a case that has come back into the news this week. Along with human rights and women’s groups across Latin America in 2015, we joined the chorus of voices condemning the government and a hospital in Paraguay for refusing to allow a 10-year-old child who had been sexually abused by her stepfather to have an abortion. When the girl’s mother took her daughter to hospital suffering from stomach cramps and vomiting, she did not realise the girl was more than six months pregnant. et she was arrested and imprisoned for supposedly allowing the abuse to happen, and only after the girl had delivered was she released with all charges dropped.

Continued: http://www.safeabortionwomensright.org/paraguay-its-three-years-and-three-months/

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‘It destroyed the girl she was’: the toll of pregnancy on Paraguay’s children

'It destroyed the girl she was': the toll of pregnancy on Paraguay's children
Rampant child abuse, a culture that sexualizes young girls and draconian abortion laws have contributed to a child pregnancy rate that is among Latin America’s highest

Laurence Blair and Santi Carneri in Asunción
Thu 19 Jul 2018

When she took her 10-year-old daughter to hospital suffering stomach cramps and vomiting, Rosana had little idea of the ordeal ahead.

Several clinics had prescribed medicine for stomach parasites. One diagnosed a tumour. But a scan showed that the girl was several months pregnant.

Continued: https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2018/jul/13/destroyed-girl-she-was-toll-pregnancy-paraguay-children?CMP=share_btn_link

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Raped 10-year-old’s pregnancy fuels Argentina abortion debate

Raped 10-year-old's pregnancy fuels Argentina abortion debate

25 May 2018

The pregnancy of a 10-year-old girl raped by her stepfather has shocked Argentina, where debate on decriminalizing abortion is in full force ahead of a congressional vote next month.

The child was found to be 21 weeks pregnant when she was taken to hospital with stomach pain.

continued: https://www.timeslive.co.za/news/world/2018-05-25-raped-10-year-olds-pregnancy-fuels-argentina-abortion-debate/

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